International Journal of


EISSN: 2313-3724, Print ISSN: 2313-626X

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 Volume 11, Issue 1 (January 2024), Pages: 186-191


 Original Research Paper

Influence of personality on self-efficacy of work and supervision of children's schooling during COVID-19


 Christian Benjamin Cabezas Guerra *, Wilma Leonila Riera Vasquez, Cindy Mikaela Espinosa


 Department of Psychology, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador

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This study evaluated the influence of personality factors and traits on the sense of self-efficacy in the combination of roles (work and supervision of children's school activities) in the context of COVID-19 in a representative sample of Ecuadorian adults of both sexes (n=400). Personality traits were assessed using Cattell's 16-PF personality test, and self-efficacy was measured using an adaptation of the Self-Efficacy Questionnaire. The results show that the five main personality factors of the 16-PF significantly predict self-efficacy and influence its variability by 12.7%. The factors Anxiety, Independence, and Toughness are the strongest predictors of self-efficacy. It was also found that the 16 personality traits assessed by the 16-PF questionnaire can predict 16.9% of self-efficacy. The most predictive traits were stability, openness to change, dominance, privacy, and liveliness. These results suggest that individual personality differences allow individuals to better adapt to the various demands in a complicated environment such as COVID-19. These findings can be used to understand and support individuals when faced with complex environmental demands.

 © 2024 The Authors. Published by IASE.

 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (


 Personality traits, Self-efficacy, COVID-19, Combination of roles, Parenthood

 Article history

 Received 3 September 2023, Received in revised form 12 January 2024, Accepted 12 January 2024


No Acknowledgment.

 Compliance with ethical standards

 Conflict of interest: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


 Cabezas Guerra CB, Riera Vasquez WL, and Espinosa CM (2024). Influence of personality on self-efficacy of work and supervision of children's schooling during COVID-19. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 11(1): 186-191

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